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How to Clean Brickwork: Tips and Tricks

Brickwork is a durable and aesthetically pleasing choice for many homes and buildings. However, over time, brickwork can accumulate dirt, grime, and other unsightly stains. To maintain the beauty and longevity of your brickwork, it's essential to know how to clean it properly. In this article, we will provide you with effective tips and tricks on how to clean brickwork both indoors and outdoors, including removing cement stains and restoring old brickwork to its former glory.

How to Clean Brickwork

Tools and Materials

Before diving into the cleaning process, gather the following tools and materials:

  • Soft-bristle brush

  • Stiff-bristle brush

  • Garden hose

  • Bucket

  • Mild detergent

  • White vinegar

  • Water

  • Rubber gloves

  • Safety goggles

  • Protective clothing

Cleaning Brickwork Outdoors

Cleaning brickwork outdoors requires a different approach due to exposure to weather elements. Follow these steps to effectively clean your outdoor brick surfaces:

Step 1: Prepare the Area

  • Remove any loose debris or vegetation around the brickwork.

  • Cover nearby plants, grass, or delicate surfaces to protect them from cleaning solutions.

Step 2: Pre-Wet the Brickwork

  • Use a garden hose to pre-wet the brickwork thoroughly. This step helps to loosen dirt and grime, making the cleaning process easier.

Step 3: Scrub the Bricks

  • Dilute mild detergent in a bucket of warm water.

  • Dip a soft-bristle brush into the soapy water and scrub the brickwork gently in a circular motion.

  • Pay attention to stained or heavily soiled areas, giving them extra attention with a stiff-bristle brush.

Step 4: Rinse the Brickwork

  • Rinse the brickwork with a garden hose, starting from the top and working your way down.

  • Ensure all soap residue is thoroughly washed away.

Step 5: Allow the Brickwork to Dry

  • Let the brickwork air dry completely before moving on to any further steps.

Cleaning Brickwork Indoors

Cleaning brickwork indoors requires a slightly different approach to protect surrounding surfaces and minimize mess. Follow these steps to clean your indoor brick surfaces effectively:

Step 1: Prepare the Area

  • Lay down plastic sheets or old towels to protect floors and furniture.

  • Remove any loose dirt or dust using a soft-bristle brush or vacuum cleaner with a brush attachment.

Step 2: Create a Cleaning Solution

  • Mix mild detergent with warm water in a bucket.

  • Alternatively, you can use a solution of white vinegar and water (1 part vinegar to 4 parts water).

Step 3: Scrub the Bricks

  • Dip a soft-bristle brush into the cleaning solution and scrub the brickwork gently.

  • Start from the top and work your way down, ensuring that each brick is thoroughly cleaned.

  • For stubborn stains, use a stiff-bristle brush or a toothbrush to target specific areas.

Step 4: Rinse and Dry

  • After scrubbing, dampen a clean cloth or sponge with plain water.

  • Wipe down the brickwork to remove any residue from the cleaning solution.

  • Allow the brickwork to air dry completely before moving on to the next step.

Removing Cement Stains from Brickwork

Cement stains on brickwork can be particularly challenging to remove. Follow these steps to effectively tackle cement stains:

Step 1: Safety Precautions

  • Put on rubber gloves and safety goggles to protect your skin and eyes from any harsh chemicals.

  • Wear appropriate clothing to prevent skin contact with the cleaning solutions.

Step 2: Pre-Wet the Brickwork

  • Use a garden hose to pre-wet the affected area.

  • This will help loosen the cement and make the cleaning process easier.

Step 3: Apply Vinegar Solution

  • Create a mixture of equal parts white vinegar and water in a bucket.

  • Dip a stiff-bristle brush into the vinegar solution and scrub the cement stains.

  • Allow the solution to sit on the stains for a few minutes to penetrate the cement.

Step 4: Scrub and Rinse

  • Scrub the stains vigorously with the stiff-bristle brush, applying additional vinegar solution if necessary.

  • Rinse the area thoroughly with clean water to remove any remaining vinegar and loosened cement.

Step 5: Repeat if Needed

  • If the cement stains persist, repeat the process or consider using a commercial brick cleaner.

  • Follow the instructions provided with the cleaner and take necessary safety precautions.

Restoring Old Brickwork

Over time, old brickwork may lose its original appeal due to dirt, weathering, or discoloration. Here are some tips to restore old brickwork:

Step 1: Cleaning

  • Follow the outdoor or indoor cleaning techniques mentioned earlier to remove surface dirt and grime.

  • Pay special attention to areas with stubborn stains or discoloration.

Step 2: Repairing Mortar Joints

  • Inspect the mortar joints between the bricks for any cracks, crumbling, or damage.

  • Use a pointed trowel to carefully remove the deteriorated mortar.

  • Fill the gaps with fresh mortar, ensuring a smooth and even finish.

  • Allow the mortar to dry according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Step 3: Applying Brick Sealant

  • Once the brickwork is clean and the mortar joints are repaired, consider applying a brick sealant.

  • Brick sealants help protect the surface from moisture, stains, and further deterioration.

  • Follow the instructions provided with the sealant for proper application.

Step 4: Enhancing the Appearance

  • If desired, you can enhance the appearance of old brickwork by applying a brick stain or paint.

  • Choose a stain or paint specifically designed for masonry surfaces.

  • Test a small, inconspicuous area first to ensure the desired color and finish.

Restoring Old Brickwork


Properly cleaning brickwork is essential for maintaining its longevity and aesthetic appeal. Whether you are tackling outdoor brickwork or indoor surfaces, following the right techniques and using the appropriate tools will help you achieve satisfying results. Remember to take necessary safety precautions, such as wearing protective gear and using mild cleaning solutions. With regular cleaning and maintenance, your brickwork will continue to stand the test of time and showcase its timeless beauty.

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